The Crown Estate is the organisation, established by Parliament, which manages the estates of the Crown throughout the whole of the United Kingdom.
The marine estate in Scotland consists of approximately 50 per cent of the foreshore and beds of tidal rivers and almost all the seabed out to 12 nautical miles which results in an estate that is both extensive and diverse. It includes oil and gas pipelines, telecommunication and power cables, marinas, ports and harbours, and aquaculture. The marine estate also includes rights to gas storage and renewable energy Scottish territorial waters and in UK waters adjacent to Scotland.
With the current development of offshore wind farms and other renewable energy projects the role of the Crown Estate has come under public scrutiny.